When you, women, are starting to wonder how on earth you can give birth to a baby from your body, then you would probably need to learn more about your own body anatomy. It’s the cervix. The cervix is part of the female reproductive system. The female reproductive system is made up of internal organs, including the vagina, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. It is also made up of the external genital organs, including the parts that make up the vulva (the clitoris, vaginal lips and the opening to the vagina). All the internal organs are located in the pelvis, which is the lower part of the abdomen between the hip bones. And to know more about it, a cervix diagram will be tons of help, like one below.
Now let’s talk more about the anatomy. The cervix is the lower, narrow part of a women’s uterus, or womb. It connects the main body of the uterus to the vagina, or birth canal. Anatomically and histologically, the cervix is distinct from the uterus, and hence we consider it as a separate anatomical structure. In these cervix diagrams, we shall look at the structure of the cervix, its vasculature, innervation, functions, and any clinical relevance.
The cervix is composed of two regions; the ectocervix and the endocervical canal. The ectocervix is the portion of the cervix that projects into the vagina. It is lined by stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium. The opening in the ectocervix, the external os, marks the transition from the ectocervix to the endocervical canal. The endocervical canal (or endocervix) is the more proximal, and ‘inner’ part of the cervix. It is lined by a mucus-secreting simple columnar epithelium. The endocervical canal ends, and the uterine cavity begins, at a narrowing called the internal os. Like what can be seen in the diagrams below.
The overlapping border between the endocervix and ectocervix is called the transformation zone. The cervix produces cervical mucus that changes in consistency during the menstrual cycle to prevent or promote pregnancy. During childbirth, the cervix dilates widely to allow the baby to pass through. During menstruation, the cervix opens a small amount to permit passage of menstrual flow. OK so you’ll know how amazing a woman’s body is through this anatomy, and by means anatomy, you have to print these diagrams to ease you in understanding human’s body.