To learn more about horse, you should know about their body parts, otherwise, you will find yourself lost and overwhelmed in a typical barn conversation with other students, riders and equestrians. Using these horse diagrams to learn the basic parts of the horse will help you to communicate more effectively with your instructor, trainer, and other equine professionals such as farriers, veterinarians, and equine massage therapists. Okay let’s start with the first diagram of the basic part of horse.
Horses don’t have a collar bone like humans do. That means their shoulders are attached to the body only by connective tissue, not through any bony connection. Most everything found below the knees is tendons, not muscles. An injury below the knee will generally heal slower because of this. The hoof is arguably one of the most important horse body parts. In structure it is somewhat comparable to our fingernails. Proper hoof care and shoeing can mean the difference between a sound and unsound (lame) horse.
Based on the horse diagrams above, you can see the more detailed parts of a horse. Some horses are referred to as wide or wide barreled because the circumference of the ribs and muscle on both sides of the barrel is very large. This can make saddle fitting a challenge. The flanks can be very sensitive body parts and horses can be reactive when touched there. The hock is prone to injury with overuse from riding as well as from trauma such as receiving a kick from his pasture buddy. More diagrams are provided below.
The horses legs and hooves are also unique, interesting structures. Their leg bones are proportioned differently from those of a human. There is also an unlabeled version of the diagram that you can use as your review and evaluation. Find the other anatomy diagram in the other posts in this site!