We have a collection of chromosome diagrams to help you learn more about the topic. A chromosome diagram is used by different people for various uses. It can be used by a teacher or student for academic purposes. The following diagram below is the human chromosome diagram. Check out and click on the image to download it.
Chromosomes are normally visible under a light microscope only when the cell is undergoing the metaphase of cell division. Chromosomes are bundles of tightly coiled DNA located within the nucleus of almost every cell in our body. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. DNA molecules are tightly packed around proteins called histones to make structures called chromosomes. The sex chromosomes are referred to as X and Y, and their combination determines a person’s sex. Typically, human females have two X chromosomes while males possess an XY pairing. The following images include X and homologous chromosome diagrams.
The name chromosome, meaning “colored body,” is derived from the fact that in early studies of cellular structure the chromosomes could be easily stained with colored dyes and therefore showed up as colored bodies under the microscope. Eukaryotic chromosomes are composed of chromatin, which is a mixture of DNA and protein. Prokaryotic chromosomes are single, circular, and do not contain a histone scaffold (that is, they are not composed of chromatin. Eukaryotic chromosomes are multiple and linear.
All these pictures presented are printable labeled and unlabeled chromosome diagram resources. Learn more about the other educational diagrams by browsing through our categories or looking it up on the search column!